What is infertility in women?

Infertility means the inability to become pregnant after trying for at least a year or 6 months if the woman is over 35. If a woman continues to have miscarriages, this is also called infertility. Female infertility; may be caused by age, physical problems, hormone problems, lifestyle or environmental factors

What are the symptoms of infertility in women?
The main symptom of infertility is the inability to get pregnant. The person may not have any symptoms of infertility and therefore infertility may not be noticed. Infertility symptoms may also depend on the condition from which the infertility originates. Many health conditions can make it difficult for women to get pregnant. Sometimes the cause of infertility in women may not be found.

In women, changes in the menstrual cycle and ovulation may be a symptom of an infertility-related disease.

Symptoms of infertility in women are as follows:

With an abnormal cycle: Bleeding is more or lighter than normal.
Irregular Cycles: The time between menstrual cycles varies each month.
Painful menstrual periods: Back pain, pelvic pain and cramping may occur.
Sometimes female infertility is related to a hormone problem. In this case, symptoms may also include:

Increase in acne, acne, etc. and skin changes on the skin
Changes in sexual drive and desire
Hair growth on lips, breast and chin
Hair loss or hair thinning
Getting fat
Other signs of discomfort that may lead to infertility include:

Milky white discharge from nipples not related to breastfeeding
pain during sex
There are many other things that can happen with infertility in women, and symptoms vary depending on the cause.

What are the causes of infertility in women?
To get pregnant, all steps during ovulation and fertilization must occur correctly. Problems that cause infertility in couples sometimes occur at birth or sometimes occur later in life. Causes of infertility can affect one or both partners, and sometimes no cause can be found.

What are the factors that increase the risk of infertility in women?
Ovulation-related disorders: These include hormonal disorders such as polycystic ovary syndrome. Hyperprolactinemia, a condition in which you have too much prolactin, the hormone that stimulates breast milk production, can also interfere with ovulation. The release of too much or too little (hypothyroidism) of thyroid hormone (hyperthyroidism) can affect the menstrual cycle and cause infertility. Other underlying causes may include too much exercise, eating disorders, or tumors.
Uterine or cervical abnormalities: Congenital or acquired anomalies related to the shape of the uterus, polyps or fibroids in the internal structure of the uterus can cause infertility by blocking the fallopian tubes or preventing a fertilized egg from settling in the uterus.
Fallopian tube damage or blockage is usually caused by inflammation of the fallopian tube (salpingitis). This may be caused by a sexually transmitted infection, endometriosis, or pelvic inflammatory disease caused by adhesions.
Endometriosis, which occurs when endometrial tissue grows outside the uterus; may affect the function of the ovaries, uterus, and fallopian tubes
Primary ovarian failure (early menopause) is defined as when the ovaries stop working and menstruation stops before the age of 40. Although the cause is often unknown, certain factors are associated with early menopause, including immune system diseases, certain genetic conditions such as Turner syndrome, or carriers.
Pelvic adhesions are bands of scar tissue connecting organs that can form after pelvic infection, appendicitis, endometriosis, or abdominal or pelvic surgery.
Cancer and its treatment: Reproductive cancers, in particular, often impair female fertility. Both radiation and chemotherapy can affect fertility.
Infertility is common in whom?
Infertility can be seen in an average of 15 out of every 100 couples of reproductive age. Infertility may be due to a single cause or may be caused by many reasons. Infertility may develop due to any disorder in the reproductive system.

Op. Dr. Ceren GÖLBAŞI - Yumurtalık Kisti


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